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I Samuel 30 – The End of Men, the Beginning of God, the Choice of Men 撒母耳记上 30 – 人的尽头 神的开始 人的选择

Wednesday, 28th April 2021

Rev Daniel Xi An Poon

Section One V1-5: David, who walked in the Way of Dead-End

V1-2 Now it happened, when David and his men came to Ziklag, on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the South and Ziklag, attacked Ziklag and burned it with fire, and had taken captive the women and those who were there, from small to great; they did not kill anyone, but carried them away and went their way.

When David and his men went back to Ziglag, they walked for three days and must be so tired. Then when they saw their families and belongings were all taken captives by the Amalekites, who were the enemy of the Israelites from the very beginning.

“Remember what Amalek did to you on the way as you were coming out of Egypt,  how he met you on the way and attacked your rear ranks, all the stragglers at your rear, when you were tired and weary; and he did not fear God. (Deuteronomy 25:17-18)

David and his men were devastated, they cried until they had no strength. Then David’s men turned against him. In times of difficulty, if we rely on our own strength and only see our own loss, then we will easily blame on other people.

Section Two V6-10: David, who strengthened in the LORD

It was a turning point for David’s life. We must remember when is our life turning point is, because whenever we feel like we cannot continue walking any more, our life turning point will remind us of how far we have gone and help us not to give up. In times of troubles, unlike Saul, David did not fight for himself, he relied on the Lord and become strengthened in his heart. He had no way out, even his followers wanted to kill him. In here he made an important decision, he did not rely on himself or people around him, he chose to be bound closely with God, and this was David’s life turning point.

V8 So David inquired of the Lord, saying, “Shall I pursue this troop? Shall I overtake them?”

David decided to seek God, he no longer used his own ways but seek God with humility. This was also different from Saul, who killed the priests of God. So when troubles came to Saul, he had no one to turn to, then he went to the Medium woman.

“And there was no strength in him, for he had eaten no food all day or all night.” (I Samuel 28:20 When Saul was in trouble, he didn’t eat or drink, but just stayed in his misery. Whereas David decided to seek God and found strength in God, so he was able to raise up and go after the Amalekites.

David woke up, he realised that for so many years he relied on himself, but he family and belongings were all gone. In here David became alert and sought God. Are we also willing to wake up and seek God? Stop walking in our own way, but walk in the way of God.

Section Three V11-31: David, who walked in the Way of the LORD

When David and his men went after the Amalekites, they came across an Egyptian slave, who was unwell and abandoned by the Amalekites. But David had mercy and gave him food and drink, David chose to honour and provide for the Egyptian, who might have no use for him. Again this was different to Saul, who only wanted capable men. A life with God and a life without God is totally different. A man with God will not abandon anyone, but help those in need. The Egyptian slave ended up showed David his enemy, and they received complete victory.

When we choose to rely on God, God will help us to take back everything we lost! Nothing will be left behind! David did not rely on his own strength or capability, he also did not rely on other people, but only in God, and God did not let him down!

V20 Then David took all the flocks and herds they had driven before those other livestock, and said, “This is David’s spoil.”

We must continue to testify the strength of God and to build up disciples. A person bound with God will be glorified together with God. What David brought back was not poverty or defeat, but a testimony of victory! We should not bring our anxiety and negative emotions back home, but God’s victory and glory!

V22 Then all the wicked and worthless men of those who went with David answered and said, “Because they did not go with us, we will not give them any of the spoil that we have recovered, except for every man’s wife and children that they may lead them away and depart.”

Those who have no mercy are wicked and worthless. No matter if they are the ones, who went to fight in the battlefield or those, who stayed behind, we are all precious in God’s eyes and we should see each other as how God sees us. Therefore David was fair for all men because he knew his victory was from God not from himself!

V23 But David said, “My brethren, you shall not do so with what the Lord has given us, who has preserved us and delivered into our hand the troop that came against us.

David was teaching his people, even though the Bible says they were wicked, but David was still willing to teach them the truth. He was not afraid of upsetting them, instead he reminded them that their victory was from God. Nowadays a lot of people have the orphan spirit because we do not see the mercy of God, we often criticise God and criticise our authority. We do not see how much God has given to us but we only see how much we were lacking. We are brought by our emotions and we become someone, who takes control and full of bitterness.

Let God take away the orphan spirit within us, the heart of victim and self-righteousness. Let us be restored in the image of God!

Prayer and Pursuit

Lord, help us to stop relying on ourselves, but only rely on You, so our hearts will no longer be judgemental. Because of fear, we chose not to walk with You, instead, we use our own ways try to take control over our situation and to fulfil our selfish desires. This morning, You want to help us to take away this spirit of fear, let the Holy Spirit help us to see our fear, fear of not being loved, fear of hardship, fear of not being recognised. Lord, You say, if we follow You closely, we will be strengthened in You. Help us to have mercy, to love You and to love others. Amen!



撒母耳记上 30

人的尽头 神的开始 人的选择



V1 大卫带着六百人回到洗革拉,却看到城被亚玛力人烧毁,家眷都被掳去。在申命记25:17-19神明确吩咐以色列人:“你要纪念你们出埃及的时候,亚玛力人在路上怎样待你。。。那时你要将亚玛力的名号从天下涂抹了,不可忘记”。神要以色列人如此行,因为神不要人遇见试探。当我们不与这些人分别为圣,有一天我们若疲倦软弱,他们就会趁机而上。那些亚玛力人就是如此对待大卫他们。我们若不警醒,让这些人留在我们身边,我们就会受影响,甚至会失去命定。扫罗就是因为当时不听神的话去灭绝亚玛力人,造成了非常严重的后果。

V2 如同匪类的亚玛力人竟然没有杀死一个人,说明神还在保守。我们虽硬着心肠不愿跟随神,但神一直在暗暗的帮助我们。

V3-4 曾经去攻打亚玛力人的大卫,如今彻底的崩溃,穷途末路。大卫经历彻底的失败,才看到靠着自己的方法并不能停息外面的风浪。

二、倚靠神 心里坚固 (v.6-10)


V6 “众人为自己的儿女苦恼,说要用石头打死”大卫。当初扫罗在战场上因为等不及撒母耳的到来,惧怕众人的抱怨,于是自己勉强献祭。但是大卫在这里选择倚靠神 – 倚靠神的原文是“与神绑在一起”。当他“甚是焦急”的时候,不是选择倚靠别人,而是与神绑在一起。

V7-8 大卫不仅心里坚定,在抵挡他的人面前仍能请神出来,谦卑寻求神。他与扫罗不一样的其中一点是,因为扫罗在彷徨无措的时候去找灵媒(28章),在身体虚弱的时候吃从灵媒而来的食物。但是大卫在这里公开求问神。我们是否愿意这样谦卑邀请神来到我们当中?

V9-10 大卫没有逼那些疲倦的人,而是让他们留下来。



11-15 大卫没有将这个被主人撇弃的外邦人杀掉,他倚靠神,就能有从神而来的怜悯,去照顾那个埃及人,虽然他可能对大卫没有什么帮助。大卫的生命因为有神同在就不再一样,反观扫罗,只喜欢召聚那些看上去有能力的人,而大卫却能够帮助那些有需要的人。最后这个埃及人告诉了大卫他们仇敌的所在,让大卫得胜。

18 我们要相信,当我们倚靠神,神会帮助我们将一切曾经被抢掠的东西夺回来,只要我们愿意跨出这一步去回应神。


21 大卫带回家的是见证神的氛围而不是任何负面的情绪。

22-25 大卫回到之前那不能过去打仗的二百人这里,而那些没有怜悯人的人则被称为“恶人和匪类”。在神的国度里,无论我们在什么岗位,神都看重,不要轻看自己或别人所被分派的责任,要做一个愿意有怜悯有爱的人。大卫愿意平分战利品,因为他知道得胜在乎神。他没有听从他下面那些人的话,不害怕他们,反而教导他们真理。我们是否也能如此勇敢传讲真理?





主耶稣 谢谢你。我们倚靠神心里就坚固了,只要我们与你紧紧地绑在一起,跟随你,我们就有怜悯,不再批评论断和掌控。我们有从神而来坚固的心,不要成为烂好人,而是经历主。让我们能够怜悯,爱神爱人。奉耶稣基督的名祷告,阿门!