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Luke 15 – The Joy of Receiving what was Lost 路加福音 15 – 失而复得的喜乐

Thursday, 29th July 2021

Pastor Kathy Poon

Section One V1-3 The Background

When people eat together at the same table, it means that they have good relationship. At Jesus’ time, the debt collectors were helping Romans collecting tax from the Jewish, therefore the Jewish hated them. They referred to them as ‘sinners’, those who did not obey the Jewish laws. The Pharisees and Teachers of the Law thought they knew the laws well, and they did not like how Jesus stayed with the debt collectors. Jesus knew their hearts and therefore he spoke three parables to teach them.

Section Two V4-7 The Parable of the Lost Sheep

The shepherd represents Jesus, what is our attitude when we are seeking the lost souls? Do we serve for the sake of serving? or do we have an attitude of finding and seeking them back with all costs? When we share the Gospel, how do we respond to the cold attitude people give to us? Can we continue and not give up?

Section Three V8-10 The Parable of the Lost Coin

The woman represents the Holy Spirit, when the woman goes to look for the lost coin, it is like the Holy Spirit looking for us. When sinners repented, their souls are found by the Holy Spirit. And just like how the woman rejoiced, the messengers of God will also rejoice in heaven!

Section Four V11-32 The Parable of the Prodigal Son

The father of the prodigal son represents our Heavenly Father, who will look everywhere for us to give us the Salvation, and we can have this Salvation. Yet when we want to build a more intimated relationship with God, our the Father, we must make our move and turn back to Him. The Father is always waiting for us to turn back to Him.

We are like the younger son, God gave us every abundance in the world, the beautiful natural environment, the resources, the animals… but we take it for granted. The younger son did not go back to his father at first, instead he went to feed the pigs for living. In verse 17, the younger son realized his mistakes, and in verse 18 he made the action to arise to go back to his father. Then in verse 19, he showed the true repentance, and changed his attitude completely. We are also like this younger son, we are rebellious and try to run away from God. But when we realize this and turn back to Him, then we will receive the heavenly forgiveness from the Father.

When the young son came back, the Father ran to him and honored him with the cloak. The cloak represents identity, the ring represents authority, and the shoes represent cleansing. Do we know our identity as the children of God? We have the authority from God, and we can be cleansed when we turn back to God. The Father prepared a feast for the younger son, then the older son was upset.

The younger son had an orphan spirit, because his relationship with his father was only about if the father provided for him or not. When the father provided for him then their relationship was good, but when the father was teaching and disciplining him, then their relationship was not good.

The older son also had an orphan spirit, his relationship with the father was based on fear, insecurity and anxiety. He only looked at how much he served the father, he was not truly happy to serve his father. Therefore he was angry, he was envious with the intimate relationship between the father and the younger son. How does Satan destroy an intimate relationship? By putting a seed of suspicion in-between them, the sinful natural within us will give us an envious mindset, we cannot accept that others are better than us, because we will feel God blesses them more than He blesses us! We doubt the love of God, we don’t believe that God will provide for us, and because of this doubtful heart, we cannot build an intimate relationship with God.

We need to turn back to God, to realize our mistakes, to arise and to come forward. We are God’s precious children, do not fight for our right and do not think God is unjust. We should not focus on being a winner, but to focus on being the sons and daughters. We should come down from the seat of the provider and protector, instead let God be our Provider and Protector. Be like a child, submit to the Father, ask Him what He would like us to receive, instead of what we want to receive. This is a heart attitude of submission, to fully surrender to Him and to only do what He wants us to do. By surrounding to Him, we can bring self-redemption in our lives.

Prayer & Pursuit

Thank You Lord, for Your abundant grace, You withhold nothing from us, thank You that You have found us, You help us and lead us, to find the way home. Father, we come before You, admit we are rebellious, we take what You have given us for granted, the money, time, talents, gifts… we are like the younger son, see You as someone who can give to us, we repent before You; we are also like the older son, we are envious and doubtful of Your love for us. We falsely accuse You as the strict Father, we live in fear and we don’t fully surrender. Forgive us and awaken us, Lord, we want to arise and go towards You, we have sinned against the people and we have sinned against You. Forgive us, Lord, and embrace us, restore our identity in You as sons and daughters. We no longer focus on what others have, we no longer doubt Your love for us. Instead, we want to rejoice with our brothers and sisters, and with the angels, enjoy the abundant feast You have provided for us. Amen

2021年7月29日 星期四

-Kathy师母-

路加福音 15

失而复得的喜乐

一、背景 (v.1-3)

当时的人若同桌吃饭,说明彼此关系亲密。“税吏”在那个时候帮助罗马人收犹太人的钱,被犹太人厌恶,“罪人”指不遵守犹太律法的人。法利赛人和文士自以为精通律法,看不惯耶稣与这些税吏和罪人关系好,于是耶稣就用三个比喻故事来教导大家。在失羊的比喻中,寻找羊的牧羊人隐喻圣子耶稣- 当这只羊被找到时,代表“一个罪人悔改,在天上也要这样为他欢喜”(V7);在失钱的比喻中,找钱的妇人隐喻圣灵, 若找到了,“在神的使者面前也是这样为他欢喜”(V10);而在浪子回头的故事里,父亲则隐喻圣父,等到小儿子回家后他说:“只是你这个兄弟是死而复活、失而又得的,所以我们理当欢喜快乐”(V32)。看到一个罪人悔改,三位一体的真神是何等的欢喜快乐! “欢喜”这个词在本章出现10次,而10在圣经中是试炼的意思。当我们看见罪人悔改,我们喜乐吗?这对我们基督徒是一个试炼。

二、失羊的比喻 (v.4-7)

牧养人隐喻圣子耶稣 – 我们要寻找失丧灵魂的时候怀的是什么心态?是无所谓、交差了事,还是无论如何都要将他们找回来?在传福音时,面对人给我们冷脸,我们是否仍然不放弃?

三、失钱的比喻 (v.8-10)

妇人隐喻圣灵 – 妇人去找寻那跌落的钱,正如圣灵找着我们,就是“一个罪人悔改“的时候,“在神的使者面前”,也就是整个灵界“也是这样为他欢喜。”

四、浪子的比喻 (v.11-32)

父亲隐喻圣父 – 这里是小儿子愿意回转,他才被父所找着。我们可以有耶稣来找我们、有圣灵给我们能力,但当我们要恢复与天父的关系时,我们要先回转寻求父。耶稣给我们的是永生的救恩,圣灵充满我们就给我们能力、智慧,而天父则是在等着我们跟他建立关系。

V13-14 这个父亲是有很多钱财的。而我们很多时候就像这小儿子一样,知道在神的家有很多丰盛,但我们呆不住,听不进父亲的话语,只想为所欲为。我们拿了父所给我们的一切祝福,觉得理所当然,就出去浪费在自己的享乐,直到“耗尽了一切所有的,…就穷苦起来”。我们的地球也是因着人的堕落而在渐渐耗尽。

V17-20a 转机出现。“醒悟”- 小儿子有心思的醒悟,意识到“我父亲有多少的雇工,口粮有余,我倒在这里饿死吗?”,他也有意志上的醒悟,在行动上做决定;他又有灵里的醒悟:“父啊,我得罪了天,又得罪了你”,这是一个在灵里面真实的懊悔;他还在心态上有醒悟,“从今以后,我不配称为你的儿子”;最后他也有行动上的醒悟,“于是起来,往他父亲那里去”。我们面对神,也需要这样的醒悟,有真实的悔改而不是破罐子破摔的心态,才能让我们与神的关系出现转机。

V20b,22 父亲没有放弃等待小儿子的回转,一看到他回来“就动了慈心,跑去抱着他的颈项,连连与他亲嘴”,又吩咐仆人给儿子拿来袍子、戒指和鞋子。袍子代表尊荣的身份,戒指代表权柄,鞋子代表洁净。当我们愿意回转的时候,天父就给我们尊荣,权柄和医治、洁净。

V25-30 大儿子面对父亲设宴庆祝小儿子回来,非常生气。小儿子是在外面的浪子,但大儿子是在家里错看父亲的心的浪子,两个儿子都有孤儿的心。大儿子的心态是觉得父亲应该给儿子想要的东西,小儿子当初离开家也许正是因为只想要自己要的东西而不想要听父亲的规劝。大儿子把父亲的话当成规定来遵守,但对父亲不是甘心乐意的顺服。我们的生命就像这两个儿子一样有孤儿的灵,充满恐惧,因为没有与父神有正确的关系。一个人有孤儿的灵,当他看到父亲与小儿子有亲密关系的时候,心里会嫉妒。但当我们看到别人夫妻关系美满、看见其他弟兄姐妹跟牧师师母比较亲近时,我们里面会嫉妒吗?若有嫉妒的心,说明我们里面有孤儿的灵。当初亚当夏娃堕落的时候,撒旦把怀疑的种子放在人的心中,从此这个怀疑的种子开始拆毁一切亲密关系。我们里面的罪根让我们喜欢跟人比较,见不得别人比我们好。当我们会嫉妒别人的好时,就以为自己是被撇下的那一个,以为神爱那个人不爱我们。大儿子在说“你并没有给我一只山羊羔,叫我和朋友一同快乐”的时候,他怀疑父的爱,一个有孤儿的灵的人很难有亲密的关系。

神千山的羊、万山的牛都是我们的,他渴望给我们丰盛,他赐给我们爱子耶稣使我们有永生,赐圣灵给我们可以有能力为耶稣作见证。如今父神在邀请我们回转,我们心思、意志、灵、心态和行动都要醒悟过来,回到父神这里。当我们回转到神里面的时候,我们就不需要去跟任何人去争去抢了。我们不是要在这个世上成为一个激进的winner,而是从供应者的宝座上走下来,成为神的一个 son or daughter。我们来到神面前应该是怀着一个去领受的心态,愿意降服、让神来掌权,这样就不会慌乱,不用惧怕。

*追求祷告

主耶稣,我们感谢赞美你,你是施厚恩给我们的主,不留下一样好处不给我们。谢谢你来找到我们,让我们找到回家的路。谢谢圣灵带领我们有能力走这条回家的路,天父啊,我们愿意来到你的面前。我们任意妄为,消耗你给我们的时间、金钱、才干和能力。我们好像小儿子一样看你只是那个要给我们好处的父。我们也像大儿子那样妒忌、比较、怀疑你的爱,看你是严厉苛刻的,我们顺服却没有降服。我们来到你的面前,求主将那一份醒悟放在我们当中,我们的心思要醒悟,行动上要起来,往父你那里去。主当我们回转,你就用恩慈保抱我们,给我们穿上袍子,有君尊的身份,你给我们戒指,有践踏蛇蝎的权柄,你给我们穿上鞋子,使我们的全人全心都得着洁净!我们进入你的家中,与天父你有真实的关系,你就将仁爱、喜乐、和平、忍耐、恩慈、良善、信实、温柔、节制放在我们里面,让我们领受那上好的福分,以至于我们不用去嫉妒别人亲密的关系,不去怀疑主你对我们的爱和信实,可以与众天使、众弟兄姊妹一同欢喜快乐。主求你将平安喜乐充满我们,让我们成为你真实的儿子、女儿,享受你丰盛的宴席!奉耶稣基督的名祷告,阿门!