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Romans 13 – The Life of the One Being Called 罗马书 13 – 蒙召的生命    

Tuesday, 14th December 2021

Rev Daniel Xi An Poon

Section One V1-7 Be Submissive

V1 ‘Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God.’ The Bible teaches us the essence of the Tree of Life, to obey the leaders and authorities. But what if our leaders are not good leaders? Do we believe in God and trust that even if He put us under untrustworthy leaders, He will still protect us to the end? God is an almighty God, and He can do anything to ensure we are protected. But do we really believe in it?

V2-3 ‘Therefore whoever resists the authority resists the ordinance of God, and those who resist will bring judgment on themselves. For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to evil. Do you want to be unafraid of the authority? Do what is good, and you will have praise from the same.’ If we are living upright, then we don’t have to be afraid. The world teaches us to be afraid of the rulers and authorities, it teaches us to rebel against the Government and to challenge their decisions. But the Bible teaches us to trust in God and be submissive to the authorities.

V5 ‘Therefore you must be subject, not only because of wrath but also for conscience’ sake.’ King Saul wanted to kill David, but David still respected him. He even Spare Saul’s life when he had the chance to kill him. Daniel was a captive under the king of Babylon, but he did not try to overturn his nation, but was submissive and provided council to the king with his wisdom. If we live according to God’s righteousness, then we don’t have to worry about if our leaders are suitable for us or not.

Section Two V8-10 Love Others As Ourselves

V8 ‘Owe no one anything except to love one another, for he who loves another has fulfilled the law.’ God loves us and does not withhold any good thing from us. He created the Garden of Eden, and He hid nothing from men. Love has no excuse, God loves us wholeheartedly and completely, but because of sin, Adam and Eve hid from God. When we live in sin, we will be afraid of the love of God, despite of Adam and Eve’s sins, God still loved them that He killed His creation, the lamp, and use its skin to cloth them. Love involves sacrifice, to love others as ourselves is unnatural, but as the ones being called, we should step out and love people like God loves us.

V9-10 ‘For the commandments, “You shall not commit adultery,” “You shall not murder,” “You shall not steal,” “You shall not bear false witness,” “You shall not covet,” and if there is any other commandment, are all summed up in this saying, namely, “You shall love your neighbour as yourself.” Love does no harm to a neighbour; therefore, love is the fulfilment of the law.’ Love is giving; God loves us, He gave people the Garden of Eden, including the Tree of Life and the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. It’s all because of His love and trust for us.

Section Three V11-14 To Be Awaken

V11-12 ‘And do this, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep; for now, our salvation is nearer than when we first believed. The night is far spent, the day is at hand. Therefore, let us cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light.’ We cannot put on the light and darkness at the same time. We must first be willing to take off the darkness, the evil ways, the past experiences… to die together with Jesus, to resurrect with Jesus, then we can put on the armour of light.

V13-14 ‘Let us walk properly, as in the day, not in revelry and drunkenness, not in lewdness and lust, not in strife and envy. But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to fulfil its lusts.’ Jesus was drinking with His disciples when they were having the Passover dinner. God did not say that we cannot drink, but what is our purpose when we drink? Jesus drank and observed the Passover with His disciples, He shared the Good News with them when they drink. What is our purpose to drink wine?

If we drink, we should take communion together, to give thanks together, and to share the Gospel with those we drink with. Let us cloth ourselves with Jesus Christ, to live a life with love and trust. Believe that we have already died, buried, and resurrected with Jesus. Our flesh desires belong to the world, fighting against the world is not easy, but God can surely help us overcome. We are the ones being called; our lives are different. The Holy Spirit is asking us, if we are willing to be submissive under our authority, if we are willing to show love and trust, and if we are willing to wake up, to admit our mistakes, to walk out of our cave so we can show God and to show people we are a new creation!

罗马书 13 – 蒙召的生命              

2021年12月14日 星期二

潘锡安牧师 

当我们回应神的蒙召和拣选后,我们要过着怎样的生命?

一、当顺服 v.1-7

V1 每一个人都有权柄,我们要顺服他们。权柄在原文是指“有能力的,有力量的,有权威的,有绝对权力的”,他们的权力是完整的,无法让人辩驳,这是“因为没有权柄不是出于神的”。存阴谋论的人会问,如果权柄有问题怎么办?我们要相信神。神在创造天地后没有派天使天兵去守护那一棵分辨善恶树,他并不用一个怀疑的眼光看亚当夏娃。神是全知全能,他有能力去为我们负责到底。我们无法全心给予,是因为不相信神,也不爱人。我们会怀疑权柄出问题,但为什么不相信神会出手呢?我们是用什么心在跟从神?是用世界的方法还是神的方法?神创造天地,但在伊甸园中他相信自己所造的人,正如父母生出孩子后将所有最好的都给孩子,不会故意去让孩子吃苦。我们愿不愿意顺服,在乎我们对神的信心。

V2 就算神不惩罚,人也会惩罚我们。我们不会做“明知山有虎,偏向虎山行”这样愚昧的事。

V3-4 保罗教导这个信心的功课是不容易的,因为当时的人都不喜欢殖民地的罗马官员,但保罗说他们是“神的用人”,去完成神给他们的事情。我们是否相信神?是否相信这些“做官的”背后的是耶和华神?神借着那些罗马官兵让犹太人学习功课,是“于你有益的”。

V5 “必须”一词说明这不是选择,而是一定要做的事。我们顺服权柄,不是因为害怕刑罚,而是“良心”- 也就是“圣灵”。我们是否愿意听圣灵的话?我们不要把自己的理解方式来放在神的话语上。耶稣都已经为我们上了十字架,我们还惧怕人对我们做什么呢?我们是光明的,并没有坑蒙拐骗,就不用怕政府对我们的欺压。若是神所允许的事临到,我们就不用害怕。世界上的媒体所展示出来的信息是有权柄的会栽赃嫁祸我们,但圣经的教导不是这样。大卫被扫罗追杀,却始终没有推翻扫罗的政权;但以理与敌国巴比伦王很亲近,却从来没有杀害王。这个世界的权柄确实有问题,但不代表我们要代替神的角色去处理他们。我们不需要明白为什么不公平的事会发生,我们只要不作恶。

V6-7 我们对神有信任吗?还是会觉得当我们给出去的时候自己会“没有”?求神帮助我们将贫穷的心态放下。

二、当爱人如己 v.8-10

V8 爱是恒久忍耐又有恩慈。有些人会说自己很爱别人,但脾气很大,或者个性害羞。然而,爱是不害羞的。神创造世界万物给人的时候并未收藏一样好处,连分辨善恶树都没有隐藏。直到人堕落犯罪,神因为爱我们,就没有让我们继续吃生命树的果实,不然我们就不能因罪而死,继而死而复活。亚当夏娃犯罪后躲藏起来,但神将自己所造的羔羊杀死,用羊皮给人遮盖,使他们不再羞愧。我们有脾气、有“个性”,是因为没有爱。一个蒙召的人不要给自己借口,而要跨出去。

V9 犯这些罪的人想要把属于别人的拿走,甚至包括生命。对神没有爱和信任,对人就没有爱和信任。

三、当苏醒 v.11-14

V11 我们每一个蒙召的人都要知道“现今就是该趁早睡醒的时候”,不要再昏睡,“因为我们得救,现今比初信的时候更近了”。

V12 我们生命中有什么“暗昧的行为”?这里的经文是对信徒的说的。我们不要以为我们那些遮遮掩掩的事别人不知道,我们心里想什么,神都知道。我们是否嘴上讲好听的话,心里却是另外的想法?保罗教导我们要“脱去”这些行为,仿佛脱掉衣服一样,因为我们不能同时穿着暗昧的衣服又披戴耶稣。我们是否愿意“赤身露体”?亚当夏娃看见自己的身体时觉得羞愧,但我们已经与耶稣基督同死同埋葬了。我们要穿上光明的兵器 – 就是神所赐的全副军装,上阵打仗。我们不要抱怨神给我们的事情太多,而要相信神掌权。

V13 基督徒是否可以像耶稣一样喝酒?耶稣喝酒的时候在对人传福音、或与门徒一起领圣餐,我们是否能做到这样?我们并非不能喝酒,但喝酒的时候是否能不讲乱七八糟的东西而是向人传福音?我们喝酒的原因是否只是让自己开心?

V14 我们要相信我们的一切都在神的手上,因为我们的过去已经完全死透,所以要对神有信心,“总要披戴主耶稣基督,不要为肉体安排,去放纵私欲”。

一个蒙召的人不是一个头衔,而是可以彰显生命的。我们是可以活出神给我们的准绳的,因为我们在耶稣基督里有不再一样的生命,在圣灵里凡事都能。